盆栽の歴史

•盆栽のルーツは中国の「盆景」
•平安時代に中国から盆景が日本に入った
•室町時代に日本独自の盆栽的なものに変化した
•江戸時代に鎖国により日本独自文化として盆栽が発展した
•三代将軍徳川家光は盆栽を愛好した
•「三代将軍」と命名された五葉松が現在も皇居に生存
•江戸時代に参勤交代の道中に楽しむために小品盆栽が生まれた
•明治時代になり現在の「盆栽」に変化した
•明治時代に針金整技法の技術が発展した
•明治6年(1873年)ウィーン万博に盆栽を展示
•明治11年(1878年)パリ万博に盆栽を展示したことが有名
•昭和39年(1964)東京オリンピックに合わせて「オリンピック記念盆栽水石展」を開催し盆栽から世界の「BONSAI」が生まれた
•1925年大宮盆栽村が制定、1923年関東大震災で被災した盆栽業者が移り住んだ
•1970年に大阪開催の日本万国博覧会で、政府が盆栽水石を展示した
•1989年に大宮市で第1回世界盆栽大会が開催された 2021年の同じく東京オリンピックの年にA-BONSAIが生まれた

BONSAI History

-BONSAI has its roots in Chinese "Bonkei
-BONSAI came to Japan from China in the Heian period.
-It was changed to Japanese original BONSAI style in Muromachi era.
-BONSAI developed as a unique Japanese culture in the Edo period due to the isolation of the country.
-The third shogun, Iemitsu Tokugawa loved BONSAI.
Five-leaf pine named "The Third Shogun" still exists in the Imperial Palace.
-In the Edo period, Mini BONSAI were created to be enjoyed on the travel way.
-In the Meiji Era, it changed to the present "BONSAI".
-The technique of wire arrangement was developed in the Meiji Era.
-BONSAI was exhibited at the World Exposition in Vienna in 1873.
-In 1878, BONSAI was exhibited at the World Exposition in Paris, which is well known by many people.
-In 1964, "Olympic Commemorative BONSAI Suiseki Exhibition" was held in conjunction with the Tokyo Olympics, and the world's "BONSAI" was born from bonsai.
-Bonsai Village was established in 1925, and bonsai growers who were affected by the Great Kanto Earthquake in 1923 moved to the village.
-In 1970, Bonsai Suiseki was exhibited by the government at the Japan World Exposition held in Osaka.
-The first World Bonsai Convention was held in Omiya City in 1989 A-BONSAI was born in 2021, also the year of the Tokyo Olympics.